Argentina has been and is known as a country of reference in the production of quality cereals and grain.
The tradition dates back to 1527 when Sebastián Gaboto planted at the Sancti Spiritus fountain the first wheat seeds brought over from Spain. Although the fountain was subsequently abandoned by the Spanish colonists, the crops of this cereal were maintained to extend over the current province of Santa Fe and subsequently over a large part of Argentina.
It was not until the early 20th century that an attempt was made to give a boost to the production of these products by including the sowing of more commercial varieties.
In the middle of the century varieties attaining a lesser height and with faster plant growth were mixed in to prevent the wind from flattening the crops at the end of their cycle with the ears fully mature.
As from the 1970s seed banks were created to develop and conserve seeds and thus guarantee the quality of the crops; subsequently new crops such as soya were introduced to revolutionise the world market of plant protein.
However, all this cereal tradition which makes Argentina one of the top world producers of quality grain would not have been possible without the exceptional geo-climatic conditions of the fields of the province of Santa Fe where our crop lands are located which consist of:
- Clayey, loamy, and sandy soils which allow special drainage
- Average rainfall of between 280 and 400 ml/year which is suitable for plants of this kind
- Soils with a pH of over 7 and classed as alkaline which allow the development in them of microorganisms which are beneficial to the development of the crops.
- Exceptional climatic conditions; not too cold during sowing and mild during ripening with warm days and cool nights which favour the maturing of the crops.